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Chico Mendes 1944-1988

ID Number: 5985
Maker: Doug Minkler
Technique: silkscreen
Date Made: 1989
Place Made: United States: California, Berkeley
Measurements: 66 cm x 60 cm; 26 in x 23 1/2 in
Main Subject: Ecology; Brazil (Latin America: South America)
Materials: paper (fiber product)
Digitized: Y

Full Text:
D. Minkler 1989 Chico Mendes 1944-1988 Father of three, Union Organizer and founder of the Alliance of the People of the Forest. Working with rubber tappers and the Union of Indigenous Nations, he pioneered the creation of extractive reserves (areas set aside for collecting sustainable forest products such as rubber and Brazil nuts). He opposed the cattle barons and plantation owners who were turning the fertile rainforest into barren desert, and who eventually ordered his murder. To help carry out Chico's work and to join in the international demand that his killers be brought to justice and cease attacks on union organizers and rubber tappers, please contact: Rainforest Action Network, 301 Broadway, San Francisco, CA 94133


Acquisition Number: 1995-087
Translation: Francisco Alves Mendes Filho, conocido como Chico Mendes, fue un recolector de caucho brasileño, líder sindical y activista ambiental. La extracción de caucho o el proceso sostenible de la eliminación del látex del árbol de caucho, se ha practicado por las familias de la selva tropical del Amazonas por generaciones. Durante la década de 1980, Mendes luchó por los derechos de los recolectores de caucho cuando los ganaderos comenzaron a interesarse en la limpieza de los bosques tropicales y a asentarse en la tierra. Mendes se opuso a las prácticas destructivas de las grandes corporaciones abogó por sistemas agrícolas sostenibles. Mendes jugó un papel muy importante en la creación del Consejos Nacional de los Caucheros y recibió el premio Global 500 del Programa Ambiental de las Naciones Unidas en 1987. El 22 de diciembre de 1988, Mendes fue asesinado y se convirtió en el decimonoveno activista asesinado en Brasil ese año. Más de treinta diversas organizaciones formaron el Comité Chico Mendes para encontrar y castigar al terrateniente responsable de su muerte. En 1990, Daryl y Darcy Alves da Silva fueron encontrados culpables y condenados a 19 años de prisión.

Copyright Status:
Under copyright; used by CSPG for educational and research purposes only. Distribution or reproduction beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners.


Exhibition Annotation:
Francisco Alves Mendes Filho, known as Chico Mendes, was a Brazilian rubber tapper, union leader and environmental activist. Rubber tapping, or the sustainable process of removing latex from rubber trees, has been practiced by families in the Amazon rainforest for generations. During the 1980s, Mendes fought for the rights of rubber tappers when cattle ranchers became interested in clearing rainforests and settling the land. Mendes opposed the destructive practices of large corporations and advocated for sustainable agricultural systems. Mendes played an important part in the foundation of the National Counsel of the Rubber Tappers and received the United Nations Environment Programme’s Global 500 award in 1987. On December 22, 1988, Mendes was assassinated and became the 19th rural activist to be murdered that year in Brazil. More than thirty diverse organizations formed the Chico Mendes Committee to find and punish the landowner responsible for his death. In 1990, Darly and Darcy Alves da Silva were found guilty and convicted to 19 years in prison.



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