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Maker: Tomas Belsky
Date Made: 1999
Place Made: United States: Hawaii
Measurements: 48.26 cm x 43.815 cm; 19 in x 17 1/4 in
Main Subject: Imperialism; Politicians & Campaigns
Materials: paper (fiber product)
Acquisition Number: 2008-030
During the "Hawaiian Renaissance" of the 1970s, the term again came into common use, and a strong social movement arose based upon it. Land struggles were the locus of this movement, which brought together ecological principles, ancient practices, historical interests, demilitarization/peace concepts, and Hawaiian Sovereignty claims. Traditionally, the concept goes back to mythical times, and is illustrated extensively in creation chants such as the Kumulipo, which emphasize the connection between the land and the people. In everyday practice, it embodies a deep passion for the land, as is often demonstrated in songs, hula, stories, and regular lifestyle practices such as farming, which have many celebratory, and sometimes sensual, elements. As a political term, it came into wide use during the late nineteenth century through the Aloha ‘Āina Party, which transformed into the Home Rule Party of Hawaii in 1900, after the annexation of Hawai’i in the last decade of the 19th century. Since that time some connotations of Hawaiian nationalism have often been associated with the term. Many practitioners, however, assert that Aloha ‘Āina is not itself a political term but rather a tenet of spiritual and cultural understanding which "drives one into action (George Helm, 1977)". These actions may be political, or they may simply involve prayer, lifestyle choices, and deep love and respect for the land and sea.
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