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Míguel Hídalgo y Costílla

ID Number: 2490
Maker: Louie "the Foot" Gonzalez; Royal Chicano Air Force (RCAF)
Technique: silkscreen
Date Made: Circa 1970s
Place Made: United States: California, Sacramento
Measurements: 57.5 cm x 44.4 cm; 22 5/8 in x 17 1/2 in
Main Subject: Mexico (North America)
Materials: paper (fiber product)
Digitized: Y

Full Text:
Míguel Hídalgo y Costílla

Acquisition Number: 1995-011

An ordained Catholic priest, Míguel Hídalgo is known in Mexico as the "Father of Mexican Independence." He was born in Guanajuato on May 8, 1753. On September 16, 1810 he rang the bells of the church and gave the famous Grito de Dolores, claiming the country's independence and marking the beginning of the Mexican Revolution. Hídalgo led a small army of peasants in their struggle for freedom before being captured in 1811. On July 30 of the same year, his execution day, Hídalgo is said to have passed out candies to the firing squad ordered to execute him. He refused to be blindfolded and looked on serenely. The initial shots did not kill him, and two soldiers took pity on his suffering and shot him in the head. Hídalgo's head was displayed for ten years in a public grain market until the government decided to bury the head in Mexico's cathedral.

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