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Pour Le Désarmement Des Nations
Maker: Jean Carlu; André Vigneau; Graphic Propaganda Office For Peace
Date Made: 1932
Place Made: France
Measurements: 70.8 cm x 50 cm; 27 7/8 in x 19 11/16 in
Main Subject: France (Europe); Peace (Anti-War)
Materials: paper (fiber product)
Pour Le Désarmement Des Nations Édité Par L'Office De Propagande Graphique Pour La Paix, 17, Avenue Carnot, Paris Avec Le Concours Du Comité D'Action Pour La S.D.N. 3, Rue Le Goff, Paris Photog_André Vigneau "Succès" 7, impsse Marie Blanche. H. Chachoin imp. Paris Jean Carlu 20,000 Of These Posters Have Been Displayed In France
Acquisition Number: 1999-195
Translation: For The Disarmament Of Nations Published By The Graphic Propaganda office For The Peace, 17, Avenue Carnot, Paris With The Contest Of the Committee Of action For The S.D.N. 3, Kick The Goff, Paris Photog_André Vigneau " Success " 7, impsse Marie White. H. CHACHOIN IMP. Paris Jean Carlu 20,000 Of These Posters Have Been Displayed In France
Presented by Carlu to the 1932 Salon des Artistes Modernes, Paris. Carol Wells was told that woman in the poster was one of Ernest Hemingway's wives. She is most likely Pauline Marie Pfeiffer (July 22, 1895 – October 1, 1951), the second wife of the writer Ernest Hemingway. They were married 1927-1940. Although his first wife, Elizabeth Hadley Richardson was also in Paris at this time, the photo more strongly resembles Pauline.
Copyright status unknown; may be protected by copyright law.
The carnage of World War I – known as the “War to End All Wars” – led to the emergence of a global disarmament movement, as activists sought to reverse and eliminate the post-war arms competition they believed would lead to another war. This movement reached its peak when the World Disarmament Conference convened in Geneva in February 1932. That same year, renowned French graphic designer, Jean Carlu, founded the Office de Propagande pour la Paix, a non-profit agency dedicated to preserving peace in Europe. This was the first poster he produced for the organization. Carlu described how he created the image using the basic structures of cubism: the sphere, the triangle and the square. The sharp triangle represents the path of the falling bombs (a shape which is echoed in the photograph of the child), and the sphere is the world threatened by war. He was one of the first to use photographs in posters. Originally this image was intended to be shown at the Union des Artistes Modernes exhibition held on February 4, 1932, at the Art Decorative Museum in Paris. However, the president of the museum, who was already shocked by the photographic work of The Stenberg Brothers and El Lissitzky, decided to censor Carlu's poster and withdrew it from the show. The resulting scandal was so tumultuous that the director re-inserted the poster into the show only two days later. The woman in the photomontage was Pauline Marie Pfeiffer (1895 –1951), the second wife of Ernest Hemingway.