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Isuda Ti Immuna (They Who Were First)
Maker: Peace Press; Faustino Caigoy; Dean S. Toji
Date Made: circa 1970s
Place Made: North America: United States; California, Los Angeles
Measurements: 57.2 cm x 44.7 cm; 22 1/2 in x 17 5/8 in
Main Subject: Asian Americans; Immigration; Philippines (Asia); Art and Culture
Materials: paper (fiber product)
A Historical Drama With Dances And Music About The First Filipinos In America Isuda Ti Immuna (They Who Were First) Performances: Los Angeles July 15, 16, 22 & 23 at 7:30 p.m. Wilshire Ebell Theatre 4401 W. 8th Street (Between Crenshaw and Rossmore) San Diego July 30 & 31 at 7:30 p.m. and July 31 at 1:30 p.m. San Diego State University Theatre Fresno August 6 & 7 at 7:30 p.m. Tickets: General admission $3 Senior citizens $2.50 Ages 12 to 16 $2.50 Children under 12 $1.00 Tickets sold at theater box offices and most Filipino businesses. Presented by: West Coast Confederation of Filipino Students Katipunan ng mga Demokratikong Pilipino (KDP) Endorsed by: United Filipino American Assembly of Southern California Proceeds will go to: Narciso-Perez Defense Funds Filipino People's Far West Convention West Coast Confederation of Filipino Students
Acquisition Number: 2001-113
"Pilipino" is used because there is no "F" in the tagalog language. "Pilipino was also used during the 70's as part of the Identity Movement (similar to how Chicanos was used during that period) .... and at times, some groups/individuals, still use Pilipino, but most prefer Filipino when writing in English.
Production Notes: yellow background
Copyright status unknown; may be protected by copyright law.
In Spring of 1965, after the U.S. Labor Department announced that braceros (immigrant laborers) would be paid $1.40 an hour—20¢ to 30¢ an hour more than domestic workers—Filipino members of the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC) in the Coachella Valley, went on strike and ten days later won equal pay with braceros. A few months later, when the Filipinos requested the same guarantee in the San Joaquin Valley, growers refused. On September 8, 1965, 500 Filipino grape pickers in Delano began the strike which changed the face of agriculture in the United States. The strike demands were simple: $1.40 an hour or 25¢ a box. Although organizationally and financially unprepared for a strike, the rank and file of the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA)—a Mexican farm worker organization co-founded by Cesar Chávez and Dolores Huerta in 1962—voted on September 16 to join the Filipinos. In 1966, the NFWA and AWOC merged into the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC). In the early days, the Filipinos were a large group within the union. As the union became more Mexican dominated, friction between the two groups increased. Many Filipinos quit the union because they didn’t feel they had an equal voice. By the time the UFW finally had its first election of officers in 1971, most of the Filipinos in leadership roles had already resigned. Whatever problems may have existed between the Mexicans and the Filipinos in the UFW, the Teamsters and the growers were always there to fan the flames.