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Legacy of the Hollywood Blacklist
Maker: Direct Cinema Limited
Date Made: 1987
Place Made: North America: United States; California, Los Angeles
Measurements: 57 cm x 43 cm; 22 7/16 in x 16 15/16 in
Main Subject: Socialism & Communism; Political Prisoners
Materials: glossy paper (fiber product)
Edward Dmytryk Is Going To Jail Free The Hollywood Ten Alvah Bessie Is Going To Jail Free The Hollywood 10 Dalton Trumbo Is Going To Jail Free The Hollywood 10 Adrian Scott Is Going To Jail Free The Hollywood Ten Albert Maltz Is Going To Jail Free The Hollywood Ten Lester Cole Is Going To Jail Free The Hollywood Ten Legacy of the Hollywood Blacklist A Direct Cinema Limited Release
Acquisition Number: 1998-081
Copyright status unknown; may be protected by copyright law.
THE HOLLYWOOD TEN In 1947, the House Committee on UnAmerican Activities (HUAC) began hearings investigating the movie industry. The purpose of the hearings was to call before the Committee those individuals suspected of being Communists or having Communist “leanings.” Because of the hearings, many famous writers, directors, actors and producers lost their jobs. Careers, friendships, and even families were destroyed as a result of being named as Communists by "friendly witnesses,” who cooperated with the Committee’s investigation. The first ten men called before the Committee refused to answer the Committee’s questions. They were found in contempt of Congress and eventually sent to prison for one-year terms. These men became known as the Hollywood Ten. They were screenwriters Dalton Trumbo, Lester Cole, Alvah Bessie, Albert Maltz, John Howard Lawson, Ring Lardner Jr. and Samuel Ornitz, directors Edward Dmytryk and Herbert Biberman, and producer/writer Adrian Scott. Later called “The American Inquisition,” the activities of the Committee were motivated by a belief that the movie industry could have a profound impact on the hearts and minds of Americans through the kinds of movies that were made. By purging the industry of subversives, the Committee believed that it was upholding the highest ideals of patriotism. The blacklist in Hollywood lasted for almost sixteen years and no blacklisted writer received credit for any of the films made during that time.