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Women In Struggle
Maker: Poster-Film Collective; Flypress and Badger
Date Made: circa 1970s
Place Made: United Kingdom: London
Measurements: 77.3 cm x 50.6 cm; 30 7/16 in x 19 15/16 in
Main Subject: Women
Materials: paper (fiber product)
Women In Struggle The Vote is not Enough... For some women the question of emancipation went beyond the right to vote. The East London Federation of Suffragettes, for example, began organising within working class communities starting self-help projects: a toy factory run by the workers, centres for the unemployed, a newspaper (the 'Woman's Dreadnought'), a creche and cost price restaurants. In this way they began to raise questions about overcoming women's oppression in the wider context of political and social change. An ELFS speaker addressing a crowd, 1916. Mothers Arms creche Toy factory Cost price restaurant By the beginning of the twentieth century the question of women's emancipation was familiar to broad sections of the population, both through the efforts of individual women activists, and also as a result of working class women organising in unions. 'Votes for Women' became the major rallying point when, in 1903, the Women's Social and Political Union was founded by Emmeline Pankhurst and a group of other women. Following on from years of fruitless constitutional struggle, (the question of women's suffrage had been raised in Parliament every year since 1867), the W.S.P.U. chose to commit itself to other forms of political action. Its tactics included graffiti, smashing of shop windows, and large scale attacks on property through arson and with bombs. Over one thousand women were imprisoned and many had their health broken through hunger strikes and force-feeding. Through the Suffragettes' militant campaigns and following women's contribution as workers during the First World War, women over thirty were finally given the vote in 1917, but it was not until 1928 that the vote for all women over twenty-one was won. Matchgirls strike 1888. They fought for equal pay, won, and formed their own union. Quebec 1941 (non-Arabs) (whites only) Australia 1902 Austria 1919 Belgium 1920-48 Brazil 1946 Canada 1918 China 1946 Cuba 1940
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The woman in the iconic Suffragette photogaph is Dora Thewlis, a weaver in a Huddersfield mill. She was just sixteen years old.
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