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The Mastery Of Nature: The Age Of Science And Reason
Maker: Poster-Film Collective; Greater London Arts Association; Flypress and Badger
Date Made: Date Unknown
Place Made: United Kingdom
Measurements: 77 cm x 51 cm; 30 5/16 in x 20 1/16 in
Main Subject: Women
Materials: paper (fiber product)
The Mastery Of Nature: The Age of Science and Reason Galileo (1564-1642) Bacon (1561-1650) Descartes (1596-1650) Newton (1642-1727) Progress... Control... Competition... Exploration... Profit... The Scientific Revolution of the 17th Century took place at a time of intense social and political conflict. It served to form the basis of knowledge for the emerging capitalist system. The view that nature was essentially something governed by magical forces beyond human control, was replaced by a view that saw nature as an object which worked rather like a complex clock. As such, its parts and the laws of its mechanical workings could be discovered through observation and experiment. Once known, nature could be continually mastered and put to use in the rapidly expanding production process. Likewise, the workers in this process became extensions of the mechanical workings of the machine, with each task being divided from the next (the division of labour). Women were almost entirely excluded from the formation of the new forms of knowledge. Ideas of women generated through the witch purges and religious ideas of women's natural inferiority served as the basis of this exclusion. The developing public world became almost exclusively male. Women were defined as part of the natural world and, like nature itself, were open to being treated as an object to be dominated. In the modern world women's role came to be defined as being bound to the 'private world' of the home, engaged in housework and childcare. 'The search for abstract and speculative truth, for principles, for axioms in science, everything that involves the generalisation of ideas, is not within a woman's province: their studies should concern practical things...' 'Simply through the law of nature, women as well as children are defenceless before the judgement of men...' The social world The natural world by Poster-Film Collective with financial assistance from Greater London Arts Association Printed by Flypress and Badger.
Acquisition Number: 1989-016
Copyright status unknown; may be protected by copyright law.