Pugno Chiuso Contra il Razzismo USA
Maker: Partito Comunista Italiano (PCI)
Date Made: Circa 1968
Place Made: Italy: Rome
Measurements: 99 cm x 70 cm; 39 in x 27 9/16 in
Main Subject: African Americans; Viet Nam War Era
Pugno Chiuso Contro il Razzismo USA Smith e Carlos alle Olimpiadi Piedi scalzi: la miseria negro Guanto nero: il lutto dei negri Pugno chiuso: la volontà di lotta I Comunisti Italiani sono con loro contro l"imperialismo e contro il razzismo [a] Cura Del PCI Esente Da Gravami Fiscali Stabilimento Grafico Editoriale Fratelli Spada Ciampino-Roma
Acquisition Number: 1995-052
Translation: Fist Closed Against Racism in the USA Smith and Carlos at the Olympic Games Bare Feet: the poverty of the black people Black Glove: the mourning of the black people Closed Fist: the willingness to fight The Italian Communists are with them against imperialism and racism
Copyright status unknown; may be protected by copyright law.
Annotation Tommie Smith and John Carlos, winners of the gold and bronze medals for the1968 Summer Olympics 200 meter run in Mexico City, raised black gloved fists and bowed their heads when the Star Spangled Banner was played. Both were shoeless, but wore black socks, to represent black poverty. Smith wore a black scarf around his neck to represent black pride, and Carlos wore a string of beads, to commemorate black people who had been lynched. They were simultaneously protesting the Viet Nam War, and racism at home. Their gesture became front page news around the world; Smith and Carlos were suspended by the United States Olympic Committee and stripped of their medals. Silver Medal winner, Australian Peter Norman, supported their protest, and all three athletes wore OPHR (Olympic Project for Human Rights) badges. Norman was ostracized when he returned home. The three remained friends. When Norman died in 2006 of a heart attack at the age of 64, both Smith and Carlos gave eulogies and were pallbearers at his funeral in Australia.